Header
Bookmark and Share

Dublin Ccd, Georgia Complete Analysis

   (County: Laurens County)

Narrow Your Investigation To Make Informed Decisions?

All | Demographics | Education | Geography | Economic | Housing | Government | Taxes | Weather | Crime

Demographics Analysis

The people of Dublin Ccd, Georgia give the community character. This place is unique because of factors such as population size / density, ethnic background, ratio of males to females, and average age.

Population By Sex By Age
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Male:

Under 5 years : 1,164

5 to 9 years : 787

10 to 14 years : 934

15 to 17 years : 495

18 and 19 years : 325

20 years : 285

21 years : 142

22 to 24 years : 460

25 to 29 years : 803

30 to 34 years : 779

35 to 39 years : 647

40 to 44 years : 851

45 to 49 years : 1,005

50 to 54 years : 743

55 to 59 years : 757

60 and 61 years : 364

62 to 64 years : 381

65 and 66 years : 226

67 to 69 years : 176

70 to 74 years : 382

75 to 79 years : 272

80 to 84 years : 272

85 years and over : 293

Female:

Under 5 years : 1,096

5 to 9 years : 1,003

10 to 14 years : 882

15 to 17 years : 703

18 and 19 years : 335

20 years : 229

21 years : 219

22 to 24 years : 319

25 to 29 years : 928

30 to 34 years : 725

35 to 39 years : 764

40 to 44 years : 945

45 to 49 years : 987

50 to 54 years : 933

55 to 59 years : 1,008

60 and 61 years : 313

62 to 64 years : 394

65 and 66 years : 220

67 to 69 years : 431

70 to 74 years : 351

75 to 79 years : 412

80 to 84 years : 423

85 years and over : 673


(updated 2009)



Population By Ancestry
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Ancestry specified:

Single ancestry : 21,670

Multiple ancestry : 2,581

Ancestry not specified:

Ancestry unclassified : 155

Ancestry not reported : 2,430


(updated 2009)



Population By Citizen Status In The United States
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

U.S. citizen, born in the United States : 26,027

U.S. citizen, born in Puerto Rico or U.S. Island Areas : 40

U.S. citizen, born abroad of American parent(s) : 159

U.S. citizen by naturalization : 400

Not a U.S. citizen : 210


(updated 2009)



Place Of Birth By Age
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Total:

Under 5 years : 2,260

5 to 17 years : 4,804

18 to 24 years : 2,314

25 to 34 years : 3,235

35 to 44 years : 3,207

45 to 54 years : 3,668

55 to 59 years : 1,765

60 and 61 years : 677

62 to 64 years : 775

65 to 74 years : 1,786

75 years and over : 2,345

Born in state of residence:

Under 5 years : 2,164

5 to 17 years : 4,182

18 to 24 years : 1,882

25 to 34 years : 2,371

35 to 44 years : 2,324

45 to 54 years : 2,528

55 to 59 years : 1,351

60 and 61 years : 503

62 to 64 years : 520

65 to 74 years : 1,454

75 years and over : 1,869

Born in other state in the United States:

Under 5 years : 86

5 to 17 years : 569

18 to 24 years : 297

25 to 34 years : 754

35 to 44 years : 697

45 to 54 years : 1,074

55 to 59 years : 369

60 and 61 years : 161

62 to 64 years : 219

65 to 74 years : 284

75 years and over : 369

Native, born outside the United States:

Under 5 years : 0

5 to 17 years : 30

18 to 24 years : 42

25 to 34 years : 0

35 to 44 years : 63

45 to 54 years : 23

55 to 59 years : 19

60 and 61 years : 0

62 to 64 years : 0

65 to 74 years : 0

75 years and over : 22

Foreign born:

Under 5 years : 10

5 to 17 years : 23

18 to 24 years : 93

25 to 34 years : 110

35 to 44 years : 123

45 to 54 years : 43

55 to 59 years : 26

60 and 61 years : 13

62 to 64 years : 36

65 to 74 years : 48

75 years and over : 85


(updated 2009)



Place Of Birth By Sex
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Born in state of residence:

Male : 9,713

Female : 11,435

Born in other state in the United States:

Male : 2,485

Female : 2,394

Native: born outside the United States:

Male : 51

Female : 148

Foreign born:

Male : 294

Female : 316


(updated 2009)



Place Of Birth By Race
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Born in state of residence : 10,530

Born in other state in the United States : 3,545

Native: born outside the United States : 120

Foreign born : 137


(updated 2009)



Place Of Birth By Marital Status
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Born in state of residence:

Never married : 5,028

Now married, except separated : 6,136

Divorced : 2,041

Separated : 587

Widowed : 1,994

Born in other state in the United States:

Never married : 791

Now married, except separated : 2,586

Divorced : 637

Separated : 72

Widowed : 313

Native: born outside the United States:

Never married : 71

Now married, except separated : 68

Divorced : 24

Separated : 0

Widowed : 22

Foreign born:

Never married : 139

Now married, except separated : 384

Divorced : 67

Separated : 0

Widowed : 10


(updated 2009)



Language Spoken At Home By Ability To Speak English (Population Of 5 Years and Older)
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Speak only English : 23,238

Spanish or Spanish Creole:

Speak English "very well" : 446

Speak English less than "very well" : 175

French (incl. Patois, Cajun):

Speak English "very well" : 0

Speak English less than "very well" : 39

German:

Speak English "very well" : 64

Speak English less than "very well" : 0

Other West Germanic languages:

Speak English "very well" : 24

Speak English less than "very well" : 0

Russian:

Speak English "very well" : 30

Speak English less than "very well" : 0

Gujarati:

Speak English "very well" : 215

Speak English less than "very well" : 119

Chinese:

Speak English "very well" : 49

Speak English less than "very well" : 12

Japanese:

Speak English "very well" : 0

Speak English less than "very well" : 28

Thai:

Speak English "very well" : 0

Speak English less than "very well" : 7

Other Asian languages:

Speak English "very well" : 7

Speak English less than "very well" : 6

Tagalog:

Speak English "very well" : 41

Speak English less than "very well" : 28

Arabic:

Speak English "very well" : 35

Speak English less than "very well" : 0

Other and unspecified languages:

Speak English "very well" : 13

Speak English less than "very well" : 0


(updated 2009)



Ancestries in Dublin Ccd, Georgia

  • Other Groups: 10,355   (51.0%)
  • United States Or American: 3,454   (17.0%)
  • English: 2,045   (10.1%)
  • Irish: 1,385   (6.8%)
  • German: 695   (3.4%)
  • Scottish: 335   (1.6%)
  • Scotch-irish: 324   (1.6%)
  • French (except Basque): 274   (1.3%)
  • Subsaharan African: 272   (1.3%)
  • Italian: 222   (1.1%)
  • Dutch: 186   (0.9%)
  • European: 133   (0.7%)
  • British: 93   (0.5%)
  • Polish: 50   (0.2%)
  • Northern European: 41   (0.2%)
  • Belgian: 40   (0.2%)
  • Welsh: 35   (0.2%)
  • Swiss: 33   (0.2%)
  • Hungarian: 33   (0.2%)
  • Czech: 32   (0.2%)
  • Swedish: 30   (0.1%)
  • Norwegian: 24   (0.1%)
  • Austrian: 23   (0.1%)
  • Croatian: 23   (0.1%)
  • Russian: 23   (0.1%)
  • West Indian (excluding Hispanic Groups): 16   (0.1%)
  • Yugoslavian: 15   (0.1%)
  • Lithuanian: 15   (0.1%)
  • French Canadian: 14   (0.1%)
  • Finnish: 14   (0.1%)
  • Czechoslovakian: 13   (0.1%)
  • Slovene: 11   (0.1%)
  • New Zealander: 9   (0.0%)
  • Armenian: 9   (0.0%)
  • Romanian: 8   (0.0%)
  • Canadian: 7   (0.0%)
  • Danish: 7   (0.0%)
  • Pennsylvania German: 7   (0.0%)
  • Scandinavian: 7   (0.0%)
  • Ukrainian: 5   (0.0%)

(updated 2010)



Total Population In Dublin Ccd, Georgia is 26,836



(updated 2009)



Male Population in Dublin Ccd, Georgia: 12,543
Female Population in Dublin Ccd, Georgia: 14,293


(updated 2013)



Median Male Resident Age in Dublin Ccd, Georgia: 36.2
Median Female Resident Age in Dublin Ccd, Georgia: 39.7


(updated 2013)



Median Age in the State of Georgia is 35


(updated 2010)



Median Age By Sex in Dublin Ccd, Georgia


White


Both sexes

44.9

Male

42.6

Female

46.9

Black or African American


Both sexes

31.4

Male

29.9

Female

32.5

American Indian and Alaska Native


Both sexes

40.5

Male

51.8

Female

35.3

Asian


Both sexes

38.0

Male

38.3

Female

37.8

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander


Both sexes

0.0

Male

0.0

Female

0.0

Other


Both sexes

23.7

Male

25.1

Female

21.1

Two or More Races


Both sexes

16.0

Male

15.1

Female

18.3

Hispanic or Latino


Both sexes

26.1

Male

26.1

Female

26.1

White / Not Hispanic or Latino


Both sexes

45.1

Male

42.9

Female

47.1


(updated 2010)



Races in Dublin Ccd, Georgia


  • White: 14,332
  • African American: 11,272
  • American Indian: 141
  • Asian: 495
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 0
  • Some Other Race: 280
  • Two or More Races: 316



(updated 2013)













Back to Top

Education Analysis

The amount of education a person receives can deeply affect their lives. The amount of education Dublin Ccd, Georgia citizens receive, averaged as group, may also affect the community.

Education Level of Population 25 Years and Over in Dublin Ccd, Georgia

Male


  • No Schooling Completed: 162   (2.13%)
  • Nursery To 4th Grade: 134   (1.76%)
  • 5th And 6th Grade: 224   (2.95%)
  • 7th And 8th Grade: 308   (4.05%)
  • 9th Grade: 223   (2.94%)
  • 10th Grade: 337   (4.44%)
  • 11th Grade: 412   (5.42%)
  • 12th Grade, No Diploma: 256   (3.37%)
  • High School Graduate (includes Equivalency): 2,501   (32.92%)
  • Some College, Less Than 1 Year: 344   (4.53%)
  • Some College, 1 Or More Years, No Degree: 850   (11.19%)
  • Associate Degree: 313   (4.12%)
  • Bachelor's Degree: 872   (11.48%)
  • Master's Degree: 336   (4.42%)
  • Professional School Degree: 274   (3.61%)
  • Doctorate Degree: 51   (0.67%)

Female


  • No Schooling Completed: 174   (1.97%)
  • Nursery To 4th Grade: 122   (1.38%)
  • 5th And 6th Grade: 152   (1.73%)
  • 7th And 8th Grade: 451   (5.12%)
  • 9th Grade: 343   (3.89%)
  • 10th Grade: 557   (6.32%)
  • 11th Grade: 557   (6.32%)
  • 12th Grade, No Diploma: 267   (3.03%)
  • High School Graduate (includes Equivalency): 2,795   (31.72%)
  • Some College, Less Than 1 Year: 392   (4.45%)
  • Some College, 1 Or More Years, No Degree: 1,039   (11.79%)
  • Associate Degree: 375   (4.26%)
  • Bachelor's Degree: 997   (11.32%)
  • Master's Degree: 483   (5.48%)
  • Professional School Degree: 61   (0.69%)
  • Doctorate Degree: 46   (0.52%)


(updated 2010)





Largest School Agency's In Dublin Ccd, Georgia

  • Laurens County


    ( Grades: K-12, Location: 467 Firetower Road, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (478) 272-4767, Students: 6,373 )

  • Dublin City


    ( Grades: K-12, Location: 207 Shamrock Drive, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (478) 272-3440, Students: 2,988 )

Largest Elementary & Middle Schools (Public) In Dublin Ccd, Georgia

  • West Laurens Middle School


    ( Grades: 6-8, Location: 332 West Laurens School Road, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (478) 272-8452, Students: 953 )

  • Dublin Middle School


    ( Grades: 6-8, Location: 1501 North Jefferson Street, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (478) 272-8122, Students: 653 )

  • Susie Dasher Elementary School


    ( Grades: K-1, Location: 911 Martin Luther King Jr. Dri, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (478) 277-9807, Students: 639 )

  • Saxon Heights Elementary School


    ( Grades: 2-3, Location: 717 Smith Street, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (478) 277-9820, Students: 398 )

  • Moore Street Elementary School


    ( Grades: 4-5, Location: 1405 West Moore Street, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (478) 277-9817, Students: 392 )

  • Dublin City Alternative School


    ( Grades: 6-12, Location: 300 North Calhoun Street, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (478) 272-8122, )

  • Even Start Pre-k


    ( Grades: K-K, Location: 200 South Drive, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (478) 277-9825, )

  • Hillcrest Center


    ( Grades: K-K, Location: 1100 Edgewood Drive, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (478) 277-9833, )

  • Crossroads Alternative


    ( Location: 1046 Emily Currie Road, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (478) 984-4253, )

  • Heart Of Georgia Psychoeducational Program


    ( Location: 210 East Johnson Street, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (912) 272-9220, )

Largest High Schools (Public) In Dublin Ccd, Georgia

  • West Laurens High School


    ( Grades: 9-12, Location: 338 West Laurens School Road, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (478) 272-1155, Students: 1,060 )

  • Dublin High School


    ( Grades: 9-12, Location: 1951 Hillcrest Parkway, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (478) 272-4727, Students: 906 )

Largest Universities & Colleges In Dublin Ccd, Georgia

Largest Schools (Private) In Dublin Ccd, Georgia

  • Trinity Christian School


    ( Grades: K-12, Location: 200 Trinity Road, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (478) 272-7699, Students: 350 )

  • Harvest Christian Academy


    ( Grades: K-8, Location: 2778 Ga Highway 257, Dublin, GA 31021, Phone: (478) 272-9403, Students: 23 )

Public Libraries (Central) In Dublin Ccd, Georgia

  • Laurens County Library


    801 Bellevue Avenue, Dublin, GA 31021

(updated 2012)



Museums Near Dublin Ccd, Georgia


  • Ft Jennings And Delphos Railroad And Museum Inc


    3060 Sawdust Ln, Dublin, OH 43017

  • Historic Dublin Business Associatio


    53 North High Street, Dublin, OH 43017

  • New River Historical Society


    Po Box 373, Dublin, VA 24084

  • Online Computer Library Center


    , Dublin, OH 43017

  • Plumstead Historical Society


    Po Box 172, Dublin, PA 18917

  • Pride Museum


    4101 Dublin Blvd F202, Dublin, CA 94568
    http://www.pridemuseum.org

  • Valley Childrens Museum


    Po Box 2102, Dublin, CA 94568

  • Wilderness Road Regional Museum


    5240 Wilderness Rd, Dublin, VA 24084
    http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vanrhs/wrrm

(updated 2014)



Back to Top

Geography Analysis

The actual land features relating to Dublin Ccd, Georgia affect how people live their lives. Natural features such as oceans, mountains, lakes, plains, and deserts all make a difference in the lives of individuals. The types of housing, heating fuels, and transportation infrastructure are largely influenced by the geography of Dublin Ccd, Georgia.

Area Features of Dublin Ccd, Georgia


Airport


(1) Fairview Park Hospital Heliport   (2) W H Bud Barron Airport  

Bridge


(1) Claxton Memorial Bridge   (2) Roberts Bridge  

Building


(1) Dublin Fire Department Station 2   (2) Georgia State Patrol Troop F Post 20 Dublin   (3) Laurens County Jail   (4) Laurens County Sheriff S Department  

Church


(1) Bethsaida Church   (2) Bluewater Church   (3) Fleming Chapel   (4) Mount Zion Church   (5) New Bethel Church   (6) Olivet Church   (7) Pine Hill Church   (8) Rice Hill Church   (9) Robertson Chapel   (10) Sandy Ford Church   (11) Spring Hill Church Historical   (12) Turkey Creek Church   (13) Woodard Grove Church  

Civil


(1) Laurens County  

Crossing


(1) Exit 13   (2) Exit 14   (3) Exit 15  

Dam


(1) Bailey Lake Dam   (2) Freeman Lake Dam   (3) Greene Lake Dam   (4) Hardin Lake Dam   (5) Lamar Smith Lake Dam   (6) Watson Lake Dam   (7) Willis Lake Dam  

Hospital


(1) Carl Vinson Veterans Affairs Medical Center   (2) Fairview Park Hospital  

Lake


(1) Troup Lake  

Locale


(1) Cheeks Still Historical   (2) Dublin Mall Shopping Center   (3) Fishtrap Cut Landing   (4) Gilders Landing   (5) Pinetucky Campground   (6) Shewmake Mill Historical   (7) Troup Spring Landing   (8) Westgate Shopping Center  

Military


(1) Dublin Army Air Field Historical  

Park


(1) Shamrock Stadium  

Populated Place


(1) Garretta   (2) Harlow   (3) Mayberry Historical   (4) Moores   (5) Vincent  

Reservoir


(1) Bailey Lake   (2) Freeman Lake   (3) Greene Lake   (4) Hardin Lake   (5) Lamar Smith Lake   (6) Watson Lake   (7) Willis Lake  

School


(1) Dublin High School   (2) Harmony School Historical   (3) Laurens High School   (4) Mclendon School Historical   (5) West Laurens High School   (6) West Laurens Junior High School  

Spring


(1) Shewmake Springs   (2) Troup Spring  

Stream


(1) Bluewater Creek   (2) Crooked Creek   (3) Ford Branch   (4) Mosquito Creek   (5) Reedy Creek   (6) Reedy Springs Branch   (7) Rocky Creek  


(updated 2014)



Zip Codes in Dublin Ccd, Georgia

31021 (pop. 27,457)


Cities Nearby Dublin Ccd, Georgia

Dublin City, GA  (pop. 17,293) 1.4 Miles
East Dublin City, GA  (pop. 2,758) 4.1 Miles
Dudley City, GA  (pop. 831) 8.0 Miles
East Dublin Ccd, GA  (pop. 7,855) 8.1 Miles
Brewton Ccd, GA  (pop. 3,272) 9.4 Miles
Dudley Ccd, GA  (pop. 1,859) 10.2 Miles
Dexter Town, GA  (pop. 537) 10.4 Miles
Dexter Ccd, GA  (pop. 2,502) 10.6 Miles
Rentz Ccd, GA  (pop. 3,083) 10.8 Miles
Rentz Town, GA  (pop. 304) 11.6 Miles



Area Code(s) in Dublin Ccd, Georgia

478



Elevation in Dublin Ccd, Georgia is 282.0 ft. (86.0 meters)





Latitude/Longitude of Dublin Ccd, Georgia

Lat: 32.546078 N        Long: -82.939370 W



Back to Top

Economic Analysis

People and the communities they live in depend on money. The people of Dublin Ccd, Georgia need food, shelter, clothing, and medical care. Business formation and job creation are essential to this community. Money sustains infrastructure such as roads and airports as well as human resources including fire rescue and police protection.

Energy Costs In Georgia

    Residential
(cents per
kilowatthour)
Commercial
(cents per
kilowatthour)
Industrial
(cents per
kilowatthour)
Other
(cents per
kilowatthour)
Transportation
(cents per
kilowatthour)
Total
(cents per
kilowatthour)
1990              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.46 7.33 4.83 8.11 0.00 6.56
  Total Electric Industry 7.46 7.33 4.83 8.11 0.00 6.56
1991              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.50 7.36 4.78 8.54 0.00 6.56
  Total Electric Industry 7.50 7.36 4.78 8.54 0.00 6.56
1992              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.73 7.50 4.76 8.70 0.00 6.67
  Total Electric Industry 7.73 7.50 4.76 8.70 0.00 6.67
1993              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.79 7.44 4.74 8.50 0.00 6.71
  Total Electric Industry 7.79 7.44 4.74 8.50 0.00 6.71
1994              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.72 7.33 4.57 8.71 0.00 6.57
  Total Electric Industry 7.72 7.33 4.57 8.71 0.00 6.57
1995              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.85 7.32 4.52 8.60 0.00 6.62
  Total Electric Industry 7.85 7.32 4.52 8.60 0.00 6.62
1996              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.66 7.17 4.29 8.96 0.00 6.43
  Total Electric Industry 7.66 7.17 4.29 8.96 0.00 6.43
1997              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.74 7.11 4.13 9.05 0.00 6.37
  Total Electric Industry 7.74 7.11 4.13 9.05 0.00 6.37
1998              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.67 7.01 4.23 8.99 0.00 6.40
  Total Electric Industry 7.67 7.01 4.23 8.99 0.00 6.40
1999              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.56 6.67 4.15 8.47 0.00 6.24
  Total Electric Industry 7.56 6.67 4.15 8.47 0.00 6.24
2000              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.60 6.50 4.10 8.51 0.00 6.21
  Total Electric Industry 7.60 6.50 4.10 8.51 0.00 6.21
2001              
  Full-Service Providers 7.72 6.61 4.28 8.56 0.00 6.39
  Total Electric Industry 7.72 6.61 4.28 8.56 0.00 6.39
2002              
  Full-Service Providers 7.63 6.46 3.95 8.31 0.00 6.24
  Total Electric Industry 7.63 6.46 3.95 8.31 0.00 6.24
2003              
  Full-Service Providers 7.70 6.66 4.02 0.00 4.81 6.32
  Total Electric Industry 7.70 6.66 4.02 0.00 4.81 6.32
2004              
  Full-Service Providers 7.86 6.88 4.43 0.00 5.12 6.58
  Total Electric Industry 7.86 6.88 4.43 0.00 5.12 6.58
2005              
  Full-Service Providers 8.64 7.67 5.28 0.00 5.90 7.43
  Total Electric Industry 8.64 7.67 5.28 0.00 5.90 7.43
2006              
  Full-Service Providers 8.91 7.81 5.38 0.00 6.12 7.63
  Total Electric Industry 8.91 7.81 5.38 0.00 6.12 7.63

(updated 2006)



Time Leaving to Work in Dublin Ccd, Georgia

12:00 A.M. TO 4:59 A.M.   : 253   (2.5%)
5:00 A.M. TO 5:29 A.M.   : 267   (2.6%)
5:30 A.M. TO 5:59 A.M.   : 390   (3.8%)
6:00 A.M. TO 6:29 A.M.   : 645   (6.3%)
6:30 A.M. TO 6:59 A.M.   : 1,278   (12.4%)
7:00 A.M. TO 7:29 A.M.   : 1,864   (18.1%)
7:30 A.M. TO 7:59 A.M.   : 2,122   (20.6%)
8:00 A.M. TO 8:29 A.M.   : 977   (9.5%)
8:30 A.M. TO 8:59 A.M.   : 485   (4.7%)
9:00 A.M. TO 9:59 A.M.   : 572   (5.6%)
10:00 A.M. TO 10:59 A.M.   : 186   (1.8%)
11:00 A.M. TO 11:59 A.M.   : 112   (1.1%)
12:00 P.M. TO 3:59 P.M.   : 586   (5.7%)
4:00 P.M. TO 11:59 P.M.   : 557   (5.4%)


(updated 2010)



Means Of Transportation
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Car, truck, or van:

Drove alone : 8,927

Carpooled:

In 2-person carpool : 697

In 3-person carpool : 79

In 4-person carpool : 46

In 5- or 6-person carpool : 40

In 7-or-more-person carpool : 23

Public transportation (excluding taxicab):

Bus or trolley bus : 0

Streetcar or trolley car (carro publico in Puerto Rico) : 0

Subway or elevated : 0

Railroad : 0

Ferryboat : 0

Taxicab : 26

Motorcycle : 0

Bicycle : 41

Walked : 216

Other means : 80

Worked at home : 209


(updated 2009)



Travel Time To Work
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Less than 5 minutes : 439

5 to 9 minutes : 1,777

10 to 14 minutes : 3,072

15 to 19 minutes : 2,138

20 to 24 minutes : 736

25 to 29 minutes : 208

30 to 34 minutes : 489

35 to 39 minutes : 94

40 to 44 minutes : 114

45 to 59 minutes : 644

60 to 89 minutes : 233

90 or more minutes : 231


(updated 2009)



Social Security Income In The Past 12 Months For Households
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

With Social Security income : 3,221

No Social Security income : 6,575


(updated 2009)



Retirement Income In The Past 12 Months For Households
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

With retirement income : 1,624

No retirement income : 8,172


(updated 2009)



Family Income (Annual)
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Less than $10,000 : 654

$10,000 to $14,999 : 286

$15,000 to $19,999 : 447

$20,000 to $24,999 : 348

$25,000 to $29,999 : 390

$30,000 to $34,999 : 137

$35,000 to $39,999 : 445

$40,000 to $44,999 : 258

$45,000 to $49,999 : 261

$50,000 to $59,999 : 567

$60,000 to $74,999 : 700

$75,000 to $99,999 : 637

$100,000 to $124,999 : 516

$125,000 to $149,999 : 249

$150,000 to $199,999 : 283

$200,000 or more : 295


(updated 2009)



Median Family Income (Annual)
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Median family income in the past 12 months (in 2009 inflation-adjusted dollars) : $50,255


(updated 2009)



AM Radio Stations Near Dublin Ccd, Georgia

  • WXLI (1230 AM; 0.7 kW; Dublin, GA; Owner: Laurens County Broadcasting Co., Inc)
  • WMLT (1330 AM; 5.0 kW; Dublin, GA; Owner: State Broadcasting Corporation)
  • WSNT (1490 AM; 1.0 kW; Deepstep, GA; Owner: Radio Station Wsnt, Inc.)

FM Radio Stations Near Dublin Ccd, Georgia

  • WQIL (101.3 FM; Chester, GA; Owner: Gsw, Inc.)
  • WJFL (101.9 FM; Tennille, GA; Owner: Middle Georgia Broadcasting, Inc.)
  • WVKX (103.7 FM; Mc Intyre, GA; Owner: Wilkinson Broadcasting, Inc.)
  • WKTM (106.1 FM; Soperton, GA; Owner: Barinowski Investment Company)
  • WDBN (107.5 FM; Dublin, GA; Owner: Dowdy Partners)
  • WDBN (107.9 FM; Dublin, GA; Owner: Dowdy Partners)
  • NEW (88.1 FM; Soperton, GA; Owner: California Association For Research And Education Inc.)
  • NEW (88.1 FM; Soperton, GA; Owner: Tillandsia Radio Outreach, Inc)
  • WAWH (88.3 FM; Dublin, GA; Owner: American Family Association)
  • NEW (90.3 FM; Nunez, GA; Owner: Athens Christian Radio, Inc.)
  • NEW (90.9 FM; Dublin, GA; Owner: Athens Christian Radio, Inc.)
  • WKKZ (92.7 FM; Dublin, GA; Owner: Kirby Broadcasting Company)
  • NEW (93.3 FM; Wadley, GA; Owner: Radio Training Network, Inc.)
  • WQZY (95.9 FM; Kite, GA; Owner: State Broadcasting Corporation)
  • WELT (98.1 FM; Adrian, GA; Owner: Radiojones, Llc)
  • WSNT-FM (99.9 FM; Deepstep, GA; Owner: Radio Station Wsnt, Inc.)

(updated 2008)



Occupations in Dublin Ccd, Georgia

Male:


  • Management, Professional, And Related Occupations: 1,476  (28.0%)
  • Service Occupations: 596  (11.3%)
  • Sales And Office Occupations: 724  (13.7%)
  • Farming, Fishing, And Forestry Occupations 54  (1.0%)
  • Construction, Extraction, And Maintenance Occupations: 971  (18.4%)

Female:


  • Management, Professional, And Related Occupations: 1,889  (35.8%)
  • Service Occupations: 1,086  (20.6%)
  • Sales And Office Occupations: 1,505  (28.5%)
  • Farming, Fishing, And Forestry Occupations 9  (0.2%)
  • Construction, Extraction, And Maintenance Occupations: 29  (0.5%)


(updated 2010)





There are 387 Farms In Dublin Ccd, Georgia


(updated 2008)



Banks In Dublin Ccd, Georgia

Farmers State Bank - 3 Branches


    Bank Assets: $345.1k
    Industry Specialization: Commercial Lending
    Total Offices: 131

Bank Of Dudley - 2 Branches


    Bank Assets: $368.3k
    Industry Specialization: Commercial Lending
    Total Offices: 4

Wheeler County State Bank - 2 Branches


    Bank Assets: $176.8k
    Industry Specialization: Agricultural
    Total Offices: 4

Capital City Bank - 2 Branches


    Bank Assets: $5m
    Industry Specialization: Commercial Lending
    Total Offices: 79

Morris Bank - 2 Branches


    Bank Assets: $939.3k
    Industry Specialization: Commercial Lending
    Total Offices: 4

The Citizens Bank Of Cochran - 1 Branches


    Bank Assets: $74.8k
    Industry Specialization: Commercial Lending
    Total Offices: 2

Bank Of America, National Association - 1 Branches


    Bank Assets: $1.4b
    Industry Specialization: All Other > $1 Billion
    Total Offices: 5,094

Wells Fargo Bank, National Association - 1 Branches


    Bank Assets: $1.4b
    Industry Specialization: All Other > $1 Billion
    Total Offices: 6,310

State Bank Of Cochran - 1 Branches


    Bank Assets: $207.4k
    Industry Specialization: Commercial Lending
    Total Offices: 4

The Citizens Bank Of Swainsboro - 1 Branches


    Bank Assets: $149.1k
    Industry Specialization: Commercial Lending
    Total Offices: 2

(updated 2014)







Airports Near Dublin Ccd, Georgia

  • W H Bud Barron


    (about 3.0 miles in Dublin, Georgia; Airport Code: DBN)

  • Robins AFB


    (about 38.5 miles in Warner Robins, Georgia; Airport Code: WRB)

  • Macon Downtown


    (about 40.9 miles in Macon, Georgia; Airport Code: MAC)

  • Vidalia Regional


    (about 41.1 miles in Vidalia, Georgia; Airport Code: VDI)

  • Middle Georgia Regional


    (about 42.6 miles in Macon, Georgia; Airport Code: MCN)


(updated 2015)



Modes of Transportation in Dublin Ccd, Georgia

Car, Truck, Or Van:

 

Drove Alone

78.92%

Carpooled

16.88%

Public Transportation:

 

Bus Or Trolley Bus

0.09%

Streetcar Or Trolley Car

0.0%

Subway Or Elevated

0.0%

Railroad

0.0%

Ferryboat

0.09%

Taxicab

0.30%

Motorcycle

0.0%

Bicycle

0.13%

Walked

1.29%

Other Means

1.30%

Worked At Home

1.01%



(updated 2010)





Back to Top

Housing Analysis

Everyone needs shelter in rented housing or individually owned homes. Each community, including Dublin Ccd, Georgia, is different from the rest based on overall architecture, appearance, occupancy, average housing square footage, average home value, and average home age.





(updated 2010)



Household Type
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Family households:

Married-couple family : 4,221

Other family:

Male householder, no wife present : 357

Female householder, no husband present : 1,895

Nonfamily households:

Householder living alone : 3,018

Householder not living alone : 305


(updated 2009)



Unmarried-Partner Households By Sex Of Partner
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Unmarried-partner households:

Male householder and male partner : 24

Male householder and female partner : 229

Female householder and female partner : 0

Female householder and male partner : 194

All other households : 9,349


(updated 2009)



Household Type By Tenure
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Family households:

Married-couple family:

Owner-occupied housing units : 3,493

Renter-occupied housing units : 728

Other family:

Male householder, no wife present:

Owner-occupied housing units : 132

Renter-occupied housing units : 225

Female householder, no husband present:

Owner-occupied housing units : 684

Renter-occupied housing units : 1,211

Nonfamily households:

Owner-occupied housing units : 1,598

Renter-occupied housing units : 1,725


(updated 2009)



Household Income (Annual)
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Less than $10,000 : 1,779

$10,000 to $14,999 : 610

$15,000 to $19,999 : 816

$20,000 to $24,999 : 609

$25,000 to $29,999 : 494

$30,000 to $34,999 : 325

$35,000 to $39,999 : 722

$40,000 to $44,999 : 335

$45,000 to $49,999 : 349

$50,000 to $59,999 : 755

$60,000 to $74,999 : 936

$75,000 to $99,999 : 655

$100,000 to $124,999 : 556

$125,000 to $149,999 : 249

$150,000 to $199,999 : 294

$200,000 or more : 312


(updated 2009)



Housing Units
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Total : 11,440


(updated 2009)



Occupancy Status
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Occupied : 9,796

Vacant : 1,644


(updated 2009)



Median Number Of Rooms
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Median number of rooms : 6


(updated 2009)



Year Structure Built
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Built 2005 or later : 293

Built 2000 to 2004 : 855

Built 1990 to 1999 : 2,260

Built 1980 to 1989 : 2,085

Built 1970 to 1979 : 2,263

Built 1960 to 1969 : 1,355

Built 1950 to 1959 : 1,036

Built 1940 to 1949 : 559

Built 1939 or earlier : 734


(updated 2009)



House Heating Fuel
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Utility gas : 1,779

Bottled, tank, or LP gas : 567

Electricity : 7,309

Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. : 66

Coal or coke : 0

Wood : 54

Solar energy : 9

Other fuel : 0

No fuel used : 12


(updated 2009)



House Value
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Less than $10,000 : 146

$10,000 to $14,999 : 65

$15,000 to $19,999 : 123

$20,000 to $24,999 : 104

$25,000 to $29,999 : 89

$30,000 to $34,999 : 71

$35,000 to $39,999 : 71

$40,000 to $49,999 : 215

$50,000 to $59,999 : 334

$60,000 to $69,999 : 202

$70,000 to $79,999 : 417

$80,000 to $89,999 : 433

$90,000 to $99,999 : 458

$100,000 to $124,999 : 769

$125,000 to $149,999 : 581

$150,000 to $174,999 : 422

$175,000 to $199,999 : 271

$200,000 to $249,999 : 458

$250,000 to $299,999 : 274

$300,000 to $399,999 : 245

$400,000 to $499,999 : 108

$500,000 to $749,999 : 19

$750,000 to $999,999 : 21

$1,000,000 or more : 11


(updated 2009)



Mortgage Status
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Housing units with a mortgage, contract to purchase, or similar debt:

With either a second mortgage or home equity loan, but not both:

Second mortgage only : 228

Home equity loan only : 337

Both second mortgage and home equity loan : 45

No second mortgage and no home equity loan : 2,598

Housing units without a mortgage : 2,699


(updated 2009)



Median Value By Year Structure Built
(Dublin Ccd, Georgia)

Built 2005 or later : $218,400

Built 2000 to 2004 : $163,400

Built 1990 to 1999 : $116,800

Built 1980 to 1989 : $106,200

Built 1970 to 1979 : $98,400

Built 1960 to 1969 : $94,600

Built 1950 to 1959 : $86,500

Built 1940 to 1949 : $72,700

Built 1939 or earlier : $90,700


(updated 2009)







Percentage of Family Households in Dublin Ccd, Georgia: 67.9%

Percentage of Family Households in Georgia: 68.5%


(updated 2010)



Population in Group Quarters in Dublin Ccd, Georgia

Institutionalized population


  • Correctional facilities for adults : 24.84%
  • Juvenile facilities : 2.01%
  • Nursing facilities/Skilled-nursing facilities : 65.75%

Noninstitutionalized population


  • Other noninstitutional facilities : 7.4%


(updated 2010)







Building Permits in Dublin Ccd, Georgia

* Units are useful in showing how many separate living spaces
were built. e.g. apartments, townhomes, condos, etc.

    Buildings Units Cost
1999        
  Single Family 95 95 $5,020,782
  Two Family 0 0 $0
  Three and Four Family 0 0 $0
  Five or More Family 0 0 $0
  Total

95 95 $5,020,782
2000        
  Single Family 45 45 $3,010,628
  Two Family 0 0 $0
  Three and Four Family 0 0 $0
  Five or More Family 0 0 $0
  Total

45 45 $3,010,628
2001        
  Single Family 39 39 $2,885,349
  Two Family 0 0 $0
  Three and Four Family 0 0 $0
  Five or More Family 0 0 $0
  Total

39 39 $2,885,349
2002        
  Single Family 46 46 $3,168,765
  Two Family 0 0 $0
  Three and Four Family 0 0 $0
  Five or More Family 0 0 $0
  Total

46 46 $3,168,765
2003        
  Single Family 40 40 $3,279,489
  Two Family 0 0 $0
  Three and Four Family 0 0 $0
  Five or More Family 0 0 $0
  Total

40 40 $3,279,489
2004        
  Single Family 47 47 $3,514,233
  Two Family 0 0 $0
  Three and Four Family 0 0 $0
  Five or More Family 8 64 $2,895,120
  Total

55 111 $6,409,353
2005        
  Single Family 45 45 $3,373,931
  Two Family 0 0 $0
  Three and Four Family 0 0 $0
  Five or More Family 0 0 $0
  Total

45 45 $3,373,931
2006        
  Single Family 39 39 $3,703,842
  Two Family 0 0 $0
  Three and Four Family 0 0 $0
  Five or More Family 0 0 $0
  Total

39 39 $3,703,842


(updated 2007)



Median Household Income In 2000 (Dublin Ccd, GA): $32,101
Median Household Income In 2000 (Georgia): $42,433


(updated 2010)



Median House/Condo Value in 2000 (Dublin Ccd): $74,700
Median House/Condo Value in 2000 (Georgia): $100,600


(updated 2010)



Median Gross Rent in 2000 (Dublin Ccd): $385
Median Gross Rent in 2000 (Georgia): $613


(updated 2010)



Most Commonly Used Heating Fuel in Dublin Ccd, Georgia

Utility Gas: 20.6%
Bottled, Tank, Or Lp Gas: 13.2%
Electricity: 63.8%
Fuel Oil, Kerosene, Etc.: 0.8%
Coal Or Coke: 0.0%
Wood: 1.1%
Solar Energy: 0.0%
Other Fuel: 0.1%
No Fuel Used: 0.2%


(updated 2010)





(updated 2010)





Back to Top

Government Analysis

People run the government through election of representatives and officials. Local governments are important to provide cohesion between individuals who must share public places. Worthwhile laws need to be debated, passed, and then enforced for a community to remain viable. Communities such as Dublin Ccd, Georgia are often affected in positive and negative ways by government performance.



Health Care Centers Close To Dublin Ccd, Georgia

Three Rivers Home Health Servi


     Address: 106 Second St, Soperton, Georgia 30457
     Ownership: Proprietary
     Certified Date: 12/10/1998

Careone Home Health Services


     Address: 201 Maple Drive, Vidalia, Georgia 30474
     Ownership: Proprietary
     Certified Date: 1/1/1983

Three Rivers Home Health Services, Inc


     Address: 205 Foster St, Eastman, Georgia 31023
     Ownership: Proprietary
     Certified Date: 6/1/1979

Taylor Home Health Care


     Address: Po Box 1297, Hawkinsville, Georgia 31036
     Ownership: Voluntary Non Profit - Private
     Certified Date: 10/11/1988

Three Rivers Home Health Services, Inc


     Address: 1760 Bass Road, Suite 103, Macon, Georgia 31210
     Ownership: Proprietary
     Certified Date: 3/21/2003

Hospitals Close To Dublin Ccd, Georgia

Fairview Park Hospital


     Address: 200 Industrial Boulevard, Dublin, Georgia 31021
     Hospital Type: Acute Care Hospitals
     Ownership: Proprietary

Washington County Regional Medical Center


     Address: 610 Sparta Road, Sandersville, Georgia 31082
     Hospital Type: Acute Care Hospitals
     Ownership: Government - Hospital District Or Authority

Emanuel Medical Center


     Address: 117 Kite Road, Swainsboro, Georgia 30401
     Hospital Type: Acute Care Hospitals
     Ownership: Government - Hospital District Or Authority

Jefferson Hospital


     Address: 1067 Peachtree St, Louisville, Georgia 30434
     Hospital Type: Acute Care Hospitals
     Ownership: Government - Hospital District Or Authority

Bleckley Memorial Hospital


     Address: 145 East Peacock Street, Cochran, Georgia 31014
     Hospital Type: Critical Access Hospitals
     Ownership: Government - Hospital District Or Authority

Nursing Homes Close To Dublin Ccd, Georgia

Dublinair Health Care & Rehabilitation Center


     Address: 300 Industrial Blvd, Dublin, Georgia 31040
     Ownership: Non Profit - Corporation
     Number of Residents: 139
     Percent Occupied: 93%

Southland Healthcare And Rehab Center


     Address: 606 Simmons St, Dublin, Georgia 31040
     Ownership: For Profit - Corporation
     Number of Residents: 117
     Percent Occupied: 90%

Shamrock Nursing & Rehab Ctr


     Address: 1634 Telfair St, Dublin, Georgia 31021
     Ownership: For Profit - Corporation
     Number of Residents: 105
     Percent Occupied: 100%

Wrightsville Nursing Home Inc


     Address: 608 West Court Street, Wrightsville, Georgia 31096
     Ownership: For Profit - Corporation
     Number of Residents: 90
     Percent Occupied: 96%

Scott Health & Rehabilitation


     Address: 12 Smith Lane, Adrian, Georgia 31002
     Ownership: For Profit - Corporation
     Number of Residents: 46
     Percent Occupied: 78%



Closest Nuclear Power Plant To
Dublin Ccd, Georgia

Name: Hatch
Address: Highway US1, Box 439; Baxley, GA 31513
Distance: 64 Miles


(updated 2007)



Social Security Users in Dublin Ccd, Georgia

    Retired Workers: 4,255
    Disabled Workers: 1,495
    Widowers Workers: 690
    Spouses Workers: 280
    Children Workers: 845


(updated 2007)



Laurens County, Georgia Presidential Election

  • Kerry & Edwards 36.44%
  • Bush & Cheney 63.14%
  • Other 0.42%



(updated 2004)



Back to Top

Taxes Analysis

Using tax dollars, government officials keep public places in repair, protect citizens, and provide for important services for the benefit of Dublin Ccd, Georgia citizens.

Relocation to Laurens County, GA

5.11 % of Laurens County tax filers migrated from different counties or other nations outside the United States between 2005 and 2006. Their adjusted gross income average was $36,856

Georgia Average 10.98 %

10 or fewer residents relocated from other nations

Lead counties where tax filers migrated to Laurens County, GA (2005 / 2006) from a different county are as follows:

  • Johnson County , GA 0.28 % ($25,867 AGI )
  • Dodge County , GA 0.26 % ($27,071 AGI )
  • Bibb County , GA 0.17 % ($34,370 AGI )

Relocation away from Laurens County, GA

4.75 % of Laurens County tax filers migrated to different counties or other nations outside the United States between 2005 and 2006. This group's adjusted gross income averaged $32,485

Georgia Average 9.55 %

10 or fewer residents relocated to other nations

Lead counties where tax filers moved from Laurens County, GA (2005 / 2006) to a different county are as follows:

  • Johnson County , GA 0.26 % ($20,805 AGI )
  • Dodge County , GA 0.24 % ($25,342 AGI )
  • Houston County , GA 0.21 % ($36,882 AGI )


(updated 2006)



Income Tax Rates in Georgia

Low Bracket: $750 (1.00%)
High Bracket: $7,000 (6.00%)


(updated 2008)



Sales Tax Rates in Georgia

4.00%


(updated 2008)



Back to Top

Weather Analysis

The enjoyment of the area in which you live is often affected by the weather. Each individual has a different view on what weather patterns will make them most happy. Some people love the seasons, others enjoy warm temperatures throughout the year while others may love the snow. The weather provided for Dublin Ccd, Georgia is based on over 50 years of data.























Hurricanes And Storms In Dublin Ccd, Georgia

  • Tropical Storm: (Name Unknown) - Wind Speed: 60 Knots
  • Tropical Depression: (Name Unknown) - Wind Speed: 25 Knots



Back to Top

Crime Analysis

Everyone wants to feel safe. Individuals and families want to remain protected from violent or property crime. The crime data should not be totally relied upon when making a decision on where to live. If you are concerned, visit Dublin Ccd, Georgia directly or research local government web sites.

Crime in Dublin Ccd, Georgia

Type 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Murder 2 n/a 1 n/a 3 n/a 1 1 1 0 1 0 2
    per 100,000 12 n/a 6 n/a 17 n/a 6 6 6 0 6 0 12
Rape 4 n/a 6 n/a 3 n/a 3 3 12 3 6 2 5
    per 100,000 25 n/a 37 n/a 17 n/a 17 17 68 17 37 12 31
Robbery 32 n/a 36 n/a 18 n/a 32 48 28 42 32 46 30
    per 100,000 197 n/a 221 n/a 105 n/a 184 272 158 244 195 284 185
Assault 43 n/a 77 n/a 70 n/a 156 140 90 100 71 67 48
    per 100,000 265 n/a 472 n/a 408 n/a 895 794 509 581 433 413 296
Burglary 151 n/a 233 n/a 190 n/a 247 210 310 314 263 230 235
    per 100,000 930 n/a 1,429 n/a 1,108 n/a 1,417 1,191 1,755 1,826 1,602 1,418 1,449
Larceny Theft 764 n/a 848 n/a 928 n/a 1,020 991 966 1,046 846 806 915
    per 100,000 4,705 n/a 5,202 n/a 5,411 n/a 5,851 5,622 5,468 6,081 5,154 4,971 5,642
Vehicle Theft 58 n/a 33 n/a 41 n/a 63 65 26 40 29 35 36
    per 100,000 357 n/a 202 n/a 239 n/a 361 369 147 233 177 216 222
Arson 0 n/a 1 n/a 0 n/a 0 1 0 2 0 0 0
    per 100,000 0 n/a 6 n/a 0 n/a 0 6 0 12 0 0 0
CityMelt Violent Crime Index
U.S. Average = 40
20 n/a 30 n/a 24 n/a 48 48 33 36 28 29 21
CityMelt Property Crime Index
U.S. Average = 277
243 n/a 279 n/a 290 n/a 333 317 326 351 285 268 297
CityMelt Crime Index
U.S. Average = 158
132 n/a 154 n/a 157 n/a 190 182 179 193 156 148 159


(updated 2013)



Number of Sex Offenders In Georgia

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
8,958 11,744 14,257 15,293 16,391 18,811 20,371 21,559 23,147 24,870


(updated 2014)



Jails in Dublin Ccd, Georgia


  • Laurens County Jail


    511 Southern Pines Road, Dublin, GA 31021
    Capacity: 235
    Confined: 235
    Avg. Population: 230
    Year Built: 1991


(updated 2006)



Back to Top



Do you want to research dublin ccd, georgia? If you are considering a move, want to view where your friends live,
or just discovering a new place to travel, our data will interest you!

Use any data on this web site at your own risk. citymelt.com does not warrant or certify the correctness of data.