Header
Bookmark and Share

Zip Code 32535 Complete Analysis


Narrow Your Investigation To Make Informed Decisions?

All | Demographics | Education | Geography | Economic | Housing | Government | Taxes | Weather | Crime

Demographics Analysis

The people of zip code 32535 give the community character. This place is unique because of factors such as population size / density, ethnic background, ratio of males to females, and average age.

Total Population In Zip Code 32535 is 6,326



(updated 2010)



Male Population in Zip Code 32535: 3,863
Female Population in Zip Code 32535: 2,463


(updated 2013)



Median Male Resident Age in Zip Code 32535: 36.7
Median Female Resident Age in Zip Code 32535: 43.5


(updated 2013)



Median Age in the State of Florida is 41


(updated 2010)



Median Age By Sex in Zip Code 32535


White


Both sexes

42.1

Male

39.5

Female

46.0

Black or African American


Both sexes

35.3

Male

34.5

Female

38.3

American Indian and Alaska Native


Both sexes

42.5

Male

39.0

Female

45.3

Asian


Both sexes

27.5

Male

28.0

Female

23.5

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander


Both sexes

23.0

Male

22.0

Female

35.5

Other


Both sexes

28.0

Male

27.8

Female

38.5

Two or More Races


Both sexes

27.1

Male

28.0

Female

20.5

Hispanic or Latino


Both sexes

32.0

Male

32.3

Female

22.5

White / Not Hispanic or Latino


Both sexes

42.4

Male

39.6

Female

46.0


(updated 2010)













Races in Zip Code 32535


  • White: 4,083
  • African American: 1,908
  • American Indian: 95
  • Asian: 21
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 4
  • Some Other Race: 60
  • Two or More Races: 155



(updated 2013)



Ancestries in Zip Code 32535

  • Other Groups: 1,866   (40.8%)
  • United States Or American: 817   (17.9%)
  • Irish: 463   (10.1%)
  • English: 292   (6.4%)
  • Subsaharan African: 249   (5.4%)
  • German: 212   (4.6%)
  • Italian: 129   (2.8%)
  • French (except Basque): 117   (2.6%)
  • Scottish: 85   (1.9%)
  • Scotch-irish: 83   (1.8%)
  • European: 61   (1.3%)
  • Dutch: 46   (1.0%)
  • West Indian (excluding Hispanic Groups): 27   (0.6%)
  • Polish: 18   (0.4%)
  • Swedish: 18   (0.4%)
  • Greek: 11   (0.2%)
  • Acadian/cajun: 11   (0.2%)
  • Hungarian: 10   (0.2%)
  • Arab: 10   (0.2%)
  • Norwegian: 8   (0.2%)
  • Slovak: 7   (0.2%)
  • Portuguese: 6   (0.1%)
  • Canadian: 6   (0.1%)
  • Danish: 5   (0.1%)
  • Welsh: 5   (0.1%)
  • Swiss: 4   (0.1%)
  • Russian: 2   (0.0%)
  • French Canadian: 2   (0.0%)
  • Slavic: 2   (0.0%)
  • Czechoslovakian: 1   (0.0%)

(updated 2010)



Back to Top

Education Analysis

The amount of education a person receives can deeply affect their lives. The amount of education zip code 32535 citizens receive, averaged as group, may also affect the community.

Education Level of Population 25 Years and Over in Zip Code 32535

Male


  • No Schooling Completed: 35   (1.32%)
  • Nursery To 4th Grade: 40   (1.51%)
  • 5th And 6th Grade: 46   (1.74%)
  • 7th And 8th Grade: 126   (4.77%)
  • 9th Grade: 128   (4.84%)
  • 10th Grade: 125   (4.73%)
  • 11th Grade: 165   (6.25%)
  • 12th Grade, No Diploma: 104   (3.94%)
  • High School Graduate (includes Equivalency): 1,215   (45.99%)
  • Some College, Less Than 1 Year: 132   (5%)
  • Some College, 1 Or More Years, No Degree: 243   (9.2%)
  • Associate Degree: 148   (5.6%)
  • Bachelor's Degree: 85   (3.22%)
  • Master's Degree: 16   (0.61%)
  • Professional School Degree: 13   (0.49%)
  • Doctorate Degree: 21   (0.79%)

Female


  • No Schooling Completed: 26   (1.48%)
  • Nursery To 4th Grade: 23   (1.31%)
  • 5th And 6th Grade: 80   (4.55%)
  • 7th And 8th Grade: 110   (6.26%)
  • 9th Grade: 84   (4.78%)
  • 10th Grade: 112   (6.37%)
  • 11th Grade: 69   (3.93%)
  • 12th Grade, No Diploma: 45   (2.56%)
  • High School Graduate (includes Equivalency): 679   (38.65%)
  • Some College, Less Than 1 Year: 133   (7.57%)
  • Some College, 1 Or More Years, No Degree: 209   (11.9%)
  • Associate Degree: 68   (3.87%)
  • Bachelor's Degree: 94   (5.35%)
  • Master's Degree: 12   (0.68%)
  • Professional School Degree: 13   (0.74%)
  • Doctorate Degree: 0   (0%)


(updated 2010)





Largest Elementary & Middle Schools (Public) In Zip Code 32535

  • Bratt Elementary School


    ( Grades: K-5, Location: 5721 N Highway 99, Century, FL 32535, Phone: (850) 327-6137, Students: 402 )

  • Carver - Century K-8 School


    ( Grades: K-8, Location: 440 E Hecker Road, Century, FL 32535, Phone: (850) 256-6380, Students: 374 )

  • Byrneville Elementary School


    ( Grades: KG-5, Location: 1600 Byrneville Road, Century, FL 32535, Phone: (850) 256-6350, Students: 171 )

  • Escambia River Outward Bound


    ( Grades: 6-11, Location: P. O. Box 278, Century, FL 32535, Phone: (850) 595-6085, Students: 32 )

Largest High Schools (Public) In Zip Code 32535

  • Northview High School


    ( Grades: 9-12, Location: 4100 West Highway 4, Century, FL 32535, Phone: (850) 327-6681, Students: 568 )

Public Libraries (Branch) In Zip Code 32535

  • Century Branch Library


    7991 N. Century Blvd., Century, FL 32535

(updated 2012)



Museums Near Zip Code 32535


(updated 2014)



Back to Top

Geography Analysis

The actual land features relating to zip code 32535 affect how people live their lives. Natural features such as oceans, mountains, lakes, plains, and deserts all make a difference in the lives of individuals. The types of housing, heating fuels, and transportation infrastructure are largely influenced by the geography of zip code 32535.

Area Features of Zip Code 32535


Bridge


(1) Freedom Bridge  

Building


(1) Century Correctional Institution   (2) Escambia County Fire And Rescue Station 5 Century   (3) Escambia County Sheriff S Office - Precinct 6 Century   (4) Mcdavid Volunteer Fire Department   (5) Walnut Hill Volunteer Fire Department Bratt Substation  

Cemetery


(1) Carlney Cemetery   (2) Coon Hill Cemetery  

Church


(1) Beth Temple Fellowship Church   (2) Beulah Church   (3) Bluff Springs Church   (4) Byrnesville Church   (5) Christian Home Church   (6) Ebenezer Church   (7) Grace Church   (8) Mcdavid Church   (9) Pleasant Hill Church   (10) Poplar Dell Church   (11) Saint Lukes Church   (12) Shiloh Church   (13) Sugar Hill Church  

Civil


(1) Andrew Mitchell Grant   (2) Century Division   (3) Thomas Thrifts Grant   (4) Town Of Century   (5) V Ordosgoity Grant  

Hospital


(1) Century Memorial Hospital  

Lake


(1) Ashton Dead River   (2) Black Lake   (3) Bluff Springs Lake   (4) Carlney Lake   (5) Horseshoe Lake   (6) Salters Lake   (7) Williams Lake  

Locale


(1) Tarzan Railroad Station  

Populated Place


(1) Bluff Springs   (2) Bratt   (3) Byrneville   (4) Century   (5) Gandyville   (6) Happy Valley   (7) Mcdavid   (8) Oyster Lodge   (9) South Flomaton  

Reservoir


(1) Lake Stone   (2) Round Lake  

School


(1) Bratt Elementary School   (2) Byrneville Elementary School   (3) Carver High School   (4) Century Elementary School   (5) Century Senior High School   (6) Christian School   (7) Mcdavid School   (8) Middle School   (9) Northview High School  

Stream


(1) Big Escambia Creek   (2) Campbell Creek   (3) Canoe Creek   (4) Cotton Creek   (5) Hobbs Branch   (6) Holly Creek   (7) Malone Hammock Branch   (8) Mccostill Mill Creek   (9) Mill Creek   (10) Mitchell Creek   (11) Pritchell Mill Branch   (12) Reedy Creek   (13) Wiggins Branch   (14) Wilson Branch  

Summit


(1) Rocky Mound  

Tower


(1) Canoe Creek Lookout Tower   (2) Wkgt-fm Century  

Valley


(1) Sandy Hollow  


(updated 2014)



Cities Nearby Zip Code 32535

Century Ccd, FL  (pop. 10,368) 4.8 Miles
Century Town, FL  (pop. 1,553) 5.2 Miles
Jay Ccd, FL  (pop. 5,386) 11.1 Miles
Jay Town, FL  (pop. 687) 11.6 Miles
Northwest Escambia Ccd, FL  (pop. 4,413) 12.2 Miles
Molino Cdp, FL  (pop. 1,569) 17.1 Miles



Zip Codes Nearby Zip Code 32535

32535  (pop. 6,636) 0.0 Miles
32568  (pop. 3,225) 9.7 Miles
32565  (pop. 5,299) 14.4 Miles
32577  (pop. 4,621) 16.1 Miles
32571  (pop. 23,901) 22.4 Miles
32533  (pop. 23,889) 24.0 Miles
32570  (pop. 24,723) 29.1 Miles
32534  (pop. 12,185) 30.2 Miles
32514  (pop. 34,837) 31.0 Miles
32526  (pop. 31,879) 32.3 Miles



Area Code(s) in Zip Code 32535

850



Elevation in Zip Code 32535 is 158.0 ft. (48.0 meters)





Latitude/Longitude of Zip Code 32535

Lat: 30.966600 N        Long: -87.347800 W



Back to Top

Economic Analysis

People and the communities they live in depend on money. The people of zip code 32535 need food, shelter, clothing, and medical care. Business formation and job creation are essential to this community. Money sustains infrastructure such as roads and airports as well as human resources including fire rescue and police protection.

Energy Costs In Florida

    Residential
(cents per
kilowatthour)
Commercial
(cents per
kilowatthour)
Industrial
(cents per
kilowatthour)
Other
(cents per
kilowatthour)
Transportation
(cents per
kilowatthour)
Total
(cents per
kilowatthour)
1990              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.77 6.66 5.08 6.83 0.00 7.04
  Total Electric Industry 7.77 6.66 5.08 6.83 0.00 7.04
1991              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.91 6.77 5.19 6.85 0.00 7.16
  Total Electric Industry 7.91 6.77 5.19 6.85 0.00 7.16
1992              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.75 6.58 5.02 6.81 0.00 6.99
  Total Electric Industry 7.75 6.58 5.02 6.81 0.00 6.99
1993              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.99 6.69 5.26 6.96 0.00 7.20
  Total Electric Industry 7.99 6.69 5.26 6.96 0.00 7.20
1994              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.78 6.35 5.13 6.72 0.00 6.96
  Total Electric Industry 7.78 6.35 5.13 6.72 0.00 6.96
1995              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.82 6.39 5.16 6.69 0.00 7.01
  Total Electric Industry 7.82 6.39 5.16 6.69 0.00 7.01
1996              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.99 6.63 5.11 6.80 0.00 7.18
  Total Electric Industry 7.99 6.63 5.11 6.80 0.00 7.18
1997              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 8.08 6.62 5.04 6.80 0.00 7.19
  Total Electric Industry 8.08 6.62 5.04 6.80 0.00 7.19
1998              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.89 6.38 4.81 6.64 0.00 7.01
  Total Electric Industry 7.89 6.38 4.81 6.64 0.00 7.01
1999              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.73 6.22 4.77 6.61 0.00 6.85
  Total Electric Industry 7.73 6.22 4.77 6.61 0.00 6.85
2000              
  Energy-Only Providers 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Full-Service Providers 7.77 6.25 4.84 6.96 0.00 6.91
  Total Electric Industry 7.77 6.25 4.84 6.96 0.00 6.91
2001              
  Full-Service Providers 8.59 7.08 5.18 7.60 0.00 7.67
  Total Electric Industry 8.59 7.08 5.18 7.60 0.00 7.67
2002              
  Full-Service Providers 8.16 6.64 5.23 7.43 0.00 7.31
  Total Electric Industry 8.16 6.64 5.23 7.43 0.00 7.31
2003              
  Full-Service Providers 8.55 7.13 5.41 0.00 7.21 7.72
  Total Electric Industry 8.55 7.13 5.41 0.00 7.21 7.72
2004              
  Full-Service Providers 8.99 7.61 5.84 0.00 7.45 8.16
  Total Electric Industry 8.99 7.61 5.84 0.00 7.45 8.16
2005              
  Full-Service Providers 9.62 8.16 6.46 0.00 8.03 8.76
  Total Electric Industry 9.62 8.16 6.46 0.00 8.03 8.76
2006              
  Full-Service Providers 11.33 9.91 7.71 0.00 10.32 10.45
  Total Electric Industry 11.33 9.91 7.71 0.00 10.32 10.45

(updated 2006)



Time Leaving to Work in Zip Code 32535

12:00 A.M. TO 4:59 A.M.   : 73   (4.3%)
5:00 A.M. TO 5:29 A.M.   : 143   (8.4%)
5:30 A.M. TO 5:59 A.M.   : 187   (11.0%)
6:00 A.M. TO 6:29 A.M.   : 187   (11.0%)
6:30 A.M. TO 6:59 A.M.   : 217   (12.8%)
7:00 A.M. TO 7:29 A.M.   : 200   (11.8%)
7:30 A.M. TO 7:59 A.M.   : 232   (13.7%)
8:00 A.M. TO 8:29 A.M.   : 114   (6.7%)
8:30 A.M. TO 8:59 A.M.   : 26   (1.5%)
9:00 A.M. TO 9:59 A.M.   : 42   (2.5%)
10:00 A.M. TO 10:59 A.M.   : 23   (1.4%)
11:00 A.M. TO 11:59 A.M.   : 11   (0.6%)
12:00 P.M. TO 3:59 P.M.   : 124   (7.3%)
4:00 P.M. TO 11:59 P.M.   : 115   (6.8%)


(updated 2010)



AM Radio Stations Near Zip Code 32535

  • NEW (1030 AM; 50.0 kW; Pensacola, FL; Owner: Advance Acquisition, Inc.)
  • NEW (1030 AM; 1.25 kW; Pensacola, FL; Owner: Advance Acquisition, Inc.)
  • NEW (1030 AM; 3.9 kW; Pensacola, FL; Owner: Charles A. Hecht And Alfredo Alonso)
  • WNVY (1070 AM; 15.0 kW; Gonzalez, FL; Owner: Pensacola Radio Corporation)
  • WTOF (1110 AM; 2.5 kW; Bay Minette, AL; Owner: Buddy Tucker Association, Inc.)
  • NEW (1140 AM; 10.0 kW; Gonzalez, FL; Owner: Michael B. Glinter)
  • NEW (1180 AM; 1.0 kW; Milton, FL; Owner: Brantley Broadcast Associates)
  • WDWR (1230 AM; 1.0 kW; Pensacola, FL; Owner: Divine Word Communications)
  • WEBJ (1240 AM; 1.0 kW; Brewton, AL; Owner: Brewton Broadcasting, Inc.)
  • WEBY (1330 AM; 25.0 kW; Bagdad, FL; Owner: Spinnaker License Corporation)
  • WEBY (1330 AM; 0.079 kW; Milton, FL; Owner: Spinnaker License Corporation)
  • WCOA (1370 AM; 5.0 kW; Pensacola, FL; Owner: Cumulus Licensing Llc)
  • WBSR (1450 AM; 1.0 kW; Pensacola, FL; Owner: Easy Media, Inc.)
  • WECM (1490 AM; 1.0 kW; Milton, FL; Owner: Camax Communication Group, Inc.)
  • WNRP (1620 AM; 10.0 kW; Pensacola, FL; Owner: Adx Communications Of Escambia)
  • WASG (550 AM; 10.0 kW; Gonzalez, FL; Owner: 550 Am, Inc.)
  • WVTJ (610 AM; 0.5 kW; Pensacola, FL; Owner: Pensacola Radio Corporation)
  • WVTJ (610 AM; 0.5 kW; Pensacola, FL; Owner: Pensacola Radio Corporation)
  • WPNN (790 AM; 1.0 kW; Pensacola, FL; Owner: Miracle Radio, Inc.)
  • WRNE (980 AM; 4.0 kW; Pensacola, FL; Owner: Media One Communications, Inc.)

FM Radio Stations Near Zip Code 32535

  • WPFL (105.1 FM; Flomaton, AL; Owner: Tri-county Broadcasting, Inc.)
  • WNSI-FM (105.9 FM; Atmore, AL; Owner: Southern Media Communications, Inc.)
  • WNSI-FM (105.9 FM; Atmore, AL; Owner: Southern Media Communications, Inc.)
  • WRRX (106.1 FM; Pensacola, FL; Owner: Cumulus Licensing Llc)
  • WKNU (106.3 FM; Brewton, AL; Owner: Wknu Radio Inc.)
  • WYCL (107.3 FM; Molino, FL; Owner: Clear Channel Broadcasting Licenses, Inc.)
  • WTGF (90.5 FM; Milton, FL; Owner: Faith Bible College, Inc.)
  • WEGS (91.7 FM; Milton, FL; Owner: Florida Public Radio, Inc.)

TV Broadcast Stations Near Zip Code 32535

  • WSRE (Channel 23; Pensacola, FL; Owner: District Board Of Trustees, Pensacola Jr. College)

(updated 2008)



Occupations in Zip Code 32535

Male:


  • Management, Professional, And Related Occupations: 142  (14.8%)
  • Service Occupations: 88  (9.2%)
  • Sales And Office Occupations: 56  (5.8%)
  • Farming, Fishing, And Forestry Occupations 45  (4.7%)
  • Construction, Extraction, And Maintenance Occupations: 371  (38.6%)

Female:


  • Management, Professional, And Related Occupations: 172  (20.7%)
  • Service Occupations: 193  (23.2%)
  • Sales And Office Occupations: 348  (41.8%)
  • Farming, Fishing, And Forestry Occupations 5  (0.6%)
  • Construction, Extraction, And Maintenance Occupations: 10  (1.2%)


(updated 2010)





There are 89 Farms In Zip Code 32535


(updated 2008)









Modes of Transportation in Zip Code 32535

Car, Truck, Or Van:

 

Drove Alone

75.99%

Carpooled

15.72%

Public Transportation:

 

Bus Or Trolley Bus

1.09%

Streetcar Or Trolley Car

0.0%

Subway Or Elevated

0.0%

Railroad

0.0%

Ferryboat

0.0%

Taxicab

0.0%

Motorcycle

0.0%

Bicycle

0.0%

Walked

3.17%

Other Means

1.55%

Worked At Home

2.48%



(updated 2010)





Back to Top

Housing Analysis

Everyone needs shelter in rented housing or individually owned homes. Each community, including zip code 32535, is different from the rest based on overall architecture, appearance, occupancy, average housing square footage, average home value, and average home age.





(updated 2010)







Percentage of Family Households in Zip Code 32535: 70.0%

Percentage of Family Households in Florida: 65.2%


(updated 2010)



Population in Group Quarters in Zip Code 32535

Institutionalized population


  • Correctional facilities for adults : 94.29%
  • Nursing facilities/Skilled-nursing facilities : 4.84%

Noninstitutionalized population


  • Other noninstitutional facilities : 0.86%


(updated 2010)









Median Household Income In 2000 (32535, FL): $25,217
Median Household Income In 2000 (Florida): $38,819


(updated 2010)



Median House/Condo Value in 2000 (32535): $46,700
Median House/Condo Value in 2000 (Florida): $93,200


(updated 2010)



Median Gross Rent in 2000 (32535): $318
Median Gross Rent in 2000 (Florida): $641


(updated 2010)



Most Commonly Used Heating Fuel in Zip Code 32535

Utility Gas: 29.6%
Bottled, Tank, Or Lp Gas: 12.1%
Electricity: 53.9%
Fuel Oil, Kerosene, Etc.: 0.9%
Coal Or Coke: 0.0%
Wood: 3.2%
Solar Energy: 0.0%
Other Fuel: 0.0%
No Fuel Used: 0.3%


(updated 2010)





(updated 2010)





Back to Top

Government Analysis

People run the government through election of representatives and officials. Local governments are important to provide cohesion between individuals who must share public places. Worthwhile laws need to be debated, passed, and then enforced for a community to remain viable. Communities such as zip code 32535 are often affected in positive and negative ways by government performance.

Nursing Homes Close To Zip Code 32535

Century Care Center Inc


     Address: 6020 Industrial Blvd, Century, Florida 32535
     Ownership: For Profit - Corporation
     Number of Residents: 83
     Percent Occupied: 94%



Closest Nuclear Power Plant To
Zip Code 32535

Name: Farley
Address: PO Box 470; Ashford, AL 36312
Distance: 125 Miles


(updated 2007)



Social Security Users in Zip Code 32535

    Retired Workers: 635
    Disabled Workers: 230
    Widowers Workers: 140
    Spouses Workers: 80
    Children Workers: 130


(updated 2007)



Back to Top

Taxes Analysis

Using tax dollars, government officials keep public places in repair, protect citizens, and provide for important services for the benefit of zip code 32535 citizens.

Income Tax Rates in Florida

Low Bracket: (State Income Tax Free)
High Bracket: (State Income Tax Free)


(updated 2008)



Sales Tax Rates in Florida

6.00%


(updated 2008)



Back to Top

Weather Analysis

The enjoyment of the area in which you live is often affected by the weather. Each individual has a different view on what weather patterns will make them most happy. Some people love the seasons, others enjoy warm temperatures throughout the year while others may love the snow. The weather provided for zip code 32535 is based on over 50 years of data.



Storms In Zip Code 32535

  Fatalities Injuries Property
Damage
Crop
Damage
Hail        
03/14/2003, 05:20 pm 0 0 $4K --
06/21/1998, 04:30 pm 0 0 $6K --
         
Thunderstorm Wind        
05/24/2005, 08:10 pm 0 0 $10K --
10/13/2001, 07:45 pm 0 0 $20K --
10/13/2001, 02:30 pm 0 0 $10K --
07/20/2000, 06:00 pm 0 0 $5K --
07/26/1998, 07:12 pm 0 0 $5K --
07/26/1998, 07:10 pm 0 0 $5K --
04/22/1997, 08:45 pm 0 0 $1K --
01/24/1997, 09:30 am 0 0 $2K --
05/24/1996, 02:30 pm 0 0 $8K --
         



Back to Top

Crime Analysis

Everyone wants to feel safe. Individuals and families want to remain protected from violent or property crime. The crime data should not be totally relied upon when making a decision on where to live. If you are concerned, visit zip code 32535 directly or research local government web sites.

Number of Sex Offenders In Florida

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
33,990 35,910 43,590 47,455 51,847 53,202 47,524 58,780 61,303 63,990


(updated 2014)



Back to Top



Do you want to research zip code 32535? If you are considering a move, want to view where your friends live,
or just discovering a new place to travel, our data will interest you!

Use any data on this web site at your own risk. citymelt.com does not warrant or certify the correctness of data.